The Institution of Family – key information.

Key theories:

Functionalist (Murdock and Parsons)

concepts: gender roles (expressive and instrumental), primary socialisation, functions of the family (reproductive, sexual, economic and educative),  stabilisation of adult personalities, mutually beneficial gender roles, nuclear family as ideal…

Conflict (Marx)

concepts: capitalism, safety valve, class reproduction, inequality, power, nuclear family as suited to capitalism…

Feminist theories (de Beauvoir, Oakley, Berger*, Firestone and Crabb**)

concepts: patriarchy, dual burden, domestic labour, emotional work, unpaid work, gendered division of labour, mental load, self-actualisation, inessential, alternative family forms, child birth, marriage, second sex, surveyor, male gaze, wife drought, women entering workforce, “symmetrical families’ (Wilmott and Young, 1972), biological difference/cultural difference, transcendence… 

*Berger’s ways of seeing helps us understand the difference between male and female experience in society and thus their role in family and intimate relationships.

**Crabb is writing recently (2015)

Liquid modernity (Bauman) and Late modernity (Giddens)

concepts: ‘Until further notice’, liquid love, consumerism, intimacy, commitment, fluid sexuality

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